ABOUT THE DISEASE
Multiple sclerosis is the disease of nerve cells (neurons) in brain and spinal cord in which the insulating cover known as “myelin sheath” of nerves is damaged.
Myelin is a fatty white substance surrounding the nerves in a form of sheath. It helps in protecting and insulating the nerves, it also helps in quick transmission of electrical impulses from brain to parts of body and vice versa.
In case of Multiple sclerosis our own immune system attacks this myelin sheath which deteriorates or damages the nerves causing communication problem between brain and body.
The damage to myelin results in the formation of scar causing hardening of nerves which is called as “sclerosis”.
The diseases most commonly begins in first half of life and is twice more common in women than men.
Several risk factors have been considered for causing multiple sclerosis but no specific cause has been established. Such risk factors include heredity, viral infections, smoking, alcoholism, stress,other autoimmune diseases like thyroid or type 1 diabetes mellitus, etc.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
MS can occur in the form of attacks with symptom free intervals in between the attacks or progressive form in which the symptoms progress slowly and continuously.
Clinical features differ from patient to patient and depend on the course of diseases and extent of the nerve damage. They include :
•Numbness or weakness in one or more limbs that typically occurs on one side of your body at a time, or the legs and trunk
•Partial or complete loss of vision, usually in one eye at a time, often with pain during eye movement
•Difficulty in swalowing
•Tingling sensation or pain
•Electric-shock sensations that occur with certain neck movements, especially bending the neck forward (Lhermitte sign)
•Tremor, lack of coordination or unsteady gait
•Problems in speech
•Problems with bowel and bladder function
•Recurrent facial Palsy
Treatment aspect of multiple sclerosis is focused on managing the symptoms and delaying the course of disease.
In Ayurveda the pathology of Multiple sclerosis can be correlated to Vita and Pitta Dosha derangement. Pitta Dosha is concerned with metabolic procedures inside the cells of body. Disturbed metabolism leads to formation of by products or toxins inside the body which in Ayurveda is described as “Aam” Dosha. Aam dosha being a foreign product leads to generation of series of auto immune reactions in the body.
In case of MS antoimmune reaction damages the myelin sheath which can be compared to Majja Dhatu in Ayurveda. Damage and depletion of Majja Dhatu leads to vitiation of Vata Dosha in body causing all the signs and symptoms of aggravated Vata Dosha.
PRINCIPLE OF TREATMENT
The main line of treatment in case of MS is Deepana, Pachana, balancing Pitta and Vata Dosha and providing Majja Dhatu nourishing medicines and diet.
Panchkarma therapies like Snehana, Swedana, Basti, Marma Therapy also play important role in balancing the doshas and providing nourishment and strength to muscles and nerves.
1.SINGLE HERBS – Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Bahera (Terminalia belerica), Bala (Sida cordifolia), Pippali (Piper longum), Rasna (Pluchea lanceolata),Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri)
2.POWDERS – Triphala Churna, Panchakola churna, Nagaradi churna, Amritadi churna
3.TABLETS – Agnitundi Vati, Mahayograja Guggulu, Vatkulantak Rasa, Amritadi Guggulu, Simhanad Guggulu
4.GHEE PREPARATIONS – Triphala Grita
5.DECOCTION (Kwath) – Dashmoola Kwath
6.OIL PREPARATION – Mahanarayana oil for external massage
DIET AND LIFESTYLE ADVISE
1.Avoid Smoking, Alcohol, Abnormal fats, coffee and dairy products.
2.Increase the use of olive oil and coconut oil in your diet. Always eat fresh and easily digestible foods. Include nuts, seeds, steamed vegetables, green leafy salads, fruits in your daily diet
3.Include the intake of ginger and turmeric in your diet as these herbs are anti inflammatory in nature and help in reducing pain and tenderness of muscles.
4.Keep your gut clean. If suffering from constipation then you can take 1 tsf triphala powder with luke warm water at night. If problem not relieved then consult an Ayurvedic physician for the same.
5.Intake of 10-20 ml of castor oil with milk at night helps in reducing pain and inflammation (mild to moderate). It also works as a good laxative.
6.Regular panchkarma therapies at 6 months interval help greatly in managing the symptoms and decreasing the severity of disease.
The purpose of Ayurvidya is to promote broad consumer understanding and knowledge of various health topics. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider regarding your medical condition or treatment and before undertaking any new health care regimen.