Acidity or Heartburn simply means over secretion of Hydrochloric acid in the stomach which leads to symptoms like burning sensation in chest or throat, Indigestion, flatulence, sour belching etc.
There are various factors responsible for acidity such as:-
Of the above mentioned causes, one factor which is most commonly associated is, GERD (Gastroesophageal reflex disease).
It is a digestive disorder in which contents of stomach return back in the Oesophagus (food pipe).
GERD occurs when sphincter guarding the lower part of Oesophagus becomes weak and allows the food particles and stomach juices to flow back.
Another important disease which can cause acidity is Hiatus hernia. It is an abnormality where a part of stomach ascends into the Oesophagus (food pipe) through the opening in a diaphragm (Hiatus). Hiatus hernia may be asymptomatic but often lead to GERD.
In Ayurvedic texts, this disease is mentioned under “Amlapitta” or “Shuktaka”.
Excessive Intake of Acidic, heavy or spicy food, alcohol, overeating or eating at improper timings, eating during indigestion, excessive intake of Kulattha dal, holding natural urges, Poisoning.
The disease aggravates during rainy and autumn season as during this time digestive system is relatively susceptible.
The earlier mentioned causative factors vitiate the Pitta Dosha in the stomach. Its sour and bitter guna (qualities or nature) gets aggravated. The vitiated Pitta move upwards towards chest, food pipe and mouth or downwards resulting in Amlapitta.
According to the movement of vitiated Pitta, Amlapitta can be divided into two types:-
Indigestion, Fatigue, Nausea, Sour belching, Acidic reflux, Burning sensation in chest and throat, Anorexia.
GERD, Hiatus hernia and acid peptic disorders can be correlated with Urdhwaga type of Amlapitta.
The main line of treatment is balancing vitiated Pitta by either removal of aggravated Pitta dosha from body or pacifying it inside the body itself and correction of Agni to promote proper digestion. Panchakarma procedures like Vaman or Virechan for detoxification of the body.
1. Single Herbs – Amla (Phyllanthus neruri), Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus), Bhringraj(Eclipta alba), Patol(Trichosanthes dioca), Madhuyashti (Glycchirhiza glabra).
2. Herbal Powders – Bhringraj churna, Avipattikar churna, Drakshadi churna, Triphala churna, Chitrakadi vati.
3. Herbo mineral preparations – Leelavilas rasa, Sootshekhar rasa, Shankh Bhasma, Prawal Bhasma, Makshik Bhasma.
4. Awaleha (Lickable Preparations) – Narikel Khand, Shunthi Khand, Pippali Khand, Khandkushmand awaleha.
5. Kwath (Decoctions) – Patoladi Kwath, Panchtikta Kwath.
1. Avoid all the causative factors responsible for causing acidity like spicy oily food, alcohol, smoking,etc.
2. Take fennel seeds with Sugar powder in acidity.
3. In morning, take 2 glasses of Luke warm water empty stomach. It helps in improving bowel movements.
4. Take 2 Teaspoons cumin seeds and boil in 2 glass of water till only half the water remains, take this water daily empty stomach.
5. Take 3-4 overnight soaked figs daily empty stomach.
6. In case of chest burn and abdominal discomfort take 1 cup of cold milk.
7. Daily take 1 glass Buttermilk with cumin powder in lunch.
8. Take 10-15 ml Amla juice with water daily. It is one of the best natural antacid.
9. Take 5-10 mint leaves and boil it in 1 glass water till half the water remains, take this Luke warm water to get immediate relief from acidity.
10. Suck a peice of Jaggery (Gur) after meals. It helps in digestion and alkalises the stomach ph, you can also take Jaggery water by soaking 1 peice of jaggery in 1 glass of cold water. This home remedy is not recommended for Diabetics
The purpose of Ayurvidya is to promote broad consumer understanding and knowledge of various health topics. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider regarding your medical condition or treatment and before undertaking any new health care regimen.