BPH is a non malignant condition in which there is increase in the number of prostate cells leading to increase in the size of Prostate gland.

Prostate gland is a part of male reproductive system. It is situated between urinary bladder and urethra. Its normal weight is between 10-16 grams, normal volume -30 cm3, shape similar to that of a walnut. It is divided into five lobes.

The secretions produced out from prostate gland help in providing nourishment to the sperms and fluidity to the semen.

The prostate gland enlarges mainly in the old aged men due to changes in the male hormone. The increase in the size is benign and does not causes cancer.

The enlarged prostate gland presses the urethra and lead to various symptoms.


  • Increased frequency of urination at night (Nocturia).
  • Straining during micturition.
  • Thin urinary stream or delaying of urinary stream.
  • Painful micturition.
  • Dribbling (Fall slowly in the form of drops) at the end of urination.
  • Unsatisfactory urination, feeling of incomplete emptying of urinary bladder.

BPH in later stages lead to stones, recurrent urinary tract infections, heamaturia etc.


In Ayurveda, this disease can be correlated to a condition called as “Mutraghata”. This is a condition where there is obstruction to the flow of urine.

Mutraghata is a very broad term which includes myriad of urinary diseases including BPH. Acharya Charak has divided Mutraghata into 13 types.

Of which BPH can be correlated to “Asthila” which is one of the type of “Mutraghata”.


  • Holding of natural urges like passing of stool, urine, flatus etc.
  • Intake of spicy, dry, cold food or incompatible diet.
  • Over indulgence in sexual activities.
  • Excessive intake of strong medicines.


The causative factors lead to aggravation of all three Doshas especially Vata Dosha and lead to formation of a node in between bladder and urethera causing obstruction in the urine thus causing “Asthila” or BPH.


  • Abdominal distension.
  • Acute Pain.
  • Obstruction of urine and stool.


The main line of treatment is mainly Vata kapha shamak. Agni deepana, Pachana and Mutra virechaniya aushadhis.


1. Single herbs – Gokshur(Tribulus terrestris), Punarnava(Boerhavia diffusa), Varun (Cretaeva nurvula), Bhumyamalki (Phyllanthus niruri)

2. Powders – Eladi churna, Punarnavadi churna, Yawa kshar churna, Chandanadi churna.

3. Tablets – Kachnaar guggulu, Chandrakala rasa, Chandraprabha vati, Gokshuradi guggulu, Punaranva mandoor, Tarkeshwar rasa, Hingwadi vati, Shilajeet .

4. Parpati – Shwet parpati.

5. Kwath (Decoctions) - Gokshuradi kwath, Punarnavadi kwath, Panchtrinmuladi kwaath, Dhatryadi kwaath.

6. Asava/arishta – Punarnavasava, Chandanasava, Madhukasava.


1. Avoid alcohol intake and take limited intake of tea and coffee. Excessive use of these beverages leads to increased frequency of urination.

2. Take limited water intake during night time.

3. Try to take dinner between 8 to 9 pm, don’t take anything after that.

4. Practice urinating exercise in which first urinate, then hold the urine in midstream for 2 – 3 sec and then again urinate. This helps in improving the atony of muscles surrounding the urethra.


The purpose of Ayurvidya is to promote broad consumer understanding and knowledge of various health topics. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider regarding your medical condition or treatment and before undertaking any new health care regimen.