It is as an inflammation of large and medium sized airways in the lungs called as Bronchi. The main symptom is persistent cough which may be with or without sputum production.
Depending on the duration of this disease it can be divided into two main types:-
Acute Bronchitis – The course of disease is generally of short duration which may last for about three weeks. The most common causative factor is a viral infection. Other factors include Bacterial infection, pollution, smoke and dust etc.
Chronic Bronchitis – The course of disease lasts for about 3 months for at least 2 consecutive years. There should be no other respiratory or cardiac cause responsible for the chronic cough. A major cause for chronic bronchitis is Tobacco smoking. Strong family history may also be present in such cases.
The above mentioned causative factors on constant exposure lead to development of irritation in the inner membrane of Bronchi (mucosa) which results in swelling, production of sticky mucus and obstruction.
Main symptom is persistent attack of cough which may be dry or with sputum, the nature of sputum depends on the type of etiology, it may be mucoid or purulent or greenish or blood pigment. Difficulty in breathing, onset mainly on physical exertion. Chest pain
Patients suffer from recurrent lung infections
Bronchitis can be compared with Kasa Roga in Ayurveda as there is huge resemblance in the etiological factors and the symptoms in both the diseases.
Kasa word has been given to cough as it resembles the sound produced from air blown through Bronze metal.
Kasa Roga has been described into 5 subtypes:-
Due to the etiological factors, Prana vayu along with udana vayu gets disturbed.
Prana vayu physiologically controls the functioning of most vital organs of our body like lungs, heart and Brain, and so it has been called as Prana (giving life) vayu
Udana vayu mainly controls the functioning of larynx and vocal cords as acharyas have explained that udana vayu helps in pronunciation of vocal sounds.
In Kasa Roga, vitiated Prana vayu and Udana Vayu obstructs the airways and lead to irritation in their inner mucosa. In order to clear the obstruction, a reflex of dry cough occurs.
In case of kaphaja and Pittaja Kasa, Mandagni (low digestive power) also plays an important role as it leads to slow metabolic process (The filtration of oxygen from inhaled air, its assimilation in the body and excretion of carbon dioxide) inside the lungs. Due to this it leads to incomplete elimination of toxins in the lungs causing vitiation of Pitta and Kapha dosha. Inflammation of airways occurs due to Pitta Dosha and excessive production of mucus due to Kapha Dosha.
Smoking directly leads to vitiation of Vata, Pitta and Kapha in the lungs. Hence it is a main causative factor of Bronchitis.
Infectious Bronchitis is Kaphaja and Pittaja Kasa, poor Agni or metabolism inside the lungs is unable to excrete the waste product outside, this breaks the protective barrier of inner mucus membrane of bronchi making them vulnerable to bacteria and virus present in the environment.
The main line of treatment includes Deepan Pachana to correct the low metabolic process.
Vata Anulomana (correcting the functioning of Vata so that it flows or functions in its normal direction) and pacifying Kapha and Pitta dosha
1. Single Herbs - Amla (Phyllanthus emblica), Pippali (Piper longum), Kakadasringi /(Pistacia Integerrima), Munakka (Raisins), Kantakari (solanum xanthocarpum), Duralabha (Fagonia cretica), Punarnava (Boerhavia diffusa), Bhumyamalki (Phyllanthus niruri), Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum).
2. Aushadhi (combinations) – Kantkaryadi churna, Giloy satva, Haridra khand, Vidangadi churna, Duralabhadi churna, Saindhavadi churna, Vidaryadi yoga,vyoshadi vati, Lavangadi vati, khadiradi vati, Eladi vati.
3. Ghee preparations – Rasna Ghrita, Kantakari Ghrita, Pippalyadi Ghrita.
4. Rasa Aushadhis (Herbo mineral preparations) – Chandramrit rasa, Anandbhairav rasa (kasa), Tankan Bhasm.
5. Medicated Smokes (Dhumvarti) – Mahashiladi dhuma, Ingudi dhuma, Jatyadi dhuma.* Smoke is inhaled either through nose or mouth but exhaled only through mouth.
1. Quit Smoking. Smoking causes permanent damage to the airways and alveoli of your lungs. It also causes harmful effects on all systems of body and is carcinogenic.
2. Massage chest with sesame oil daily and take steam in chest.
3. Luke warm water with honey in the morning as it helps in sputum expectoration.
4. Bowel motion should be very regular as it will clean accumulated toxin in the body. If the patient have constipated bowel along with dry cough, take cow ghee with meals. It will provide the required lubrication in stomach for the smooth motion of stools. The patient can also take 10 -15 ml castor oil at night with milk to cleanse the bowels.
5. Regular warm saline gargles three times a day.
6. Take proper rest.
7. Inhale fumes of Tulsi seeds or cardamom seeds after roasting them. It will help in bronchodilation and expectoration of mucus.
8. In case of dry cough, take milk with jaggery (guda) or Til khichdi with cow ghee and saindha namak.
The purpose of Ayurvidya is to promote broad consumer understanding and knowledge of various health topics. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider regarding your medical condition or treatment and before undertaking any new health care regimen.