HERBS

PARKINSON’S DISEASE

ABOUT THE DISEASE

Parkinson’s disease is the neurodegenerative disorder characterized by variable degrees of parkinsonism, defined as a paucity and slowness of movement, tremor at rest, rigidity, shuffling gait and flexed posture.

It is also known as akinesia-tremor-rigidity syndrome.

Peak age of onset is in the 60’s (range is 35 to 85 years). Risk factors include a positive family history, male gender, head injury, exposure to pesticides, consumption of well water, and rural living.

Parkinson’s disease is caused by the progressive impairment or deterioration of neurons in brain which produce a vital brain chemical known as dopamine.

Dopamine is a hormone and neurotransmitter that plays various important roles in the human brain and body.

Dopamine is a hormone and neurotransmitter that plays various important roles in the human brain and body.

CLINICAL FEATURES

Most important signs and Symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease are:-

  • Rigidity in body – It is one of the clinical hallmarks of Parkinson’s disease.
  • Tremor – Parkinson’s disease is characterized with resting tremors which disappear with voluntary movement. It manifests as Pill rolling tremor of hand.
  • Festinating gait – defined as progressive increase in walking speed with shortening of strides.
  • Postural instability – The Parkinson’s patient acquires a stooped posture due to weakness of extensor muscles.

Associated clinical features include :- Reduced blinking, expressionless face, an abnormally small handwriting, abnormal sensations in body like pain, tingling, numbness, burning sensation, feeling of excessive cold or hot, orthostatic hypotension, difficulty in swallowing, difficulty in speech, monotone voice, decreased memory and poor cognitive behavior, increased urine frequency and urgency, poor appetite, constipation and weight loss.

AYURVEDIC VIEW

In Ayurveda, it is correlated to “Kampa Vata”. Kampa means tremors. Parkinson’s disease gradually develops with a barely noticeable tremor in one hand.

It is a Vata Predominant disorder.

The causes which aggravate Vata dosha are causative factors of Kampa vata as well.

Two main factors that aggravate Vata Dosha are:-

1. Dhatu Kshaya (degeneration of body tissues).

2. Margavarodha (obstruction of channels).

Dhatu Kshaya may be referred to degeneration of brain cells or demyelination of spinal nerve tissue.

PATHOGENESIS

The causative factors lead to vitiation of Vata Dosha which due to its Chala (Mobile), Khara(Rough), Shita (Cold), Ruksha (Dry) properties causes rigidity, tremors and other symptoms in body.

PRINCIPLE OF TREATMENT

The main line of treatment includes Snehana (external and internal oleation), Swedana (hot fomentation), Brimhana (nourishing the body tissues) and Rasayan (Rejuvenating) treatment modalities.

MEDICINES

1) Single Herbs – Kaunch (Mucuna pruriens),Nirgundi (Vitex negundo), Bala (Sida cordifolia), Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Shunthi (Zingiber officinale), Rasna (Pluchea lanceolata), Brahmi(Bacopa monnieri), Vacha (Acorus calamus).

2) Powders – Balamoola churna, Dashmoola churna, Naarsingh churna, Ashwagandhadi churna.

3) Guggulu preparations – Panch tikta Ghrita guggulu, Yograj guggulu, Tryodashang guggulu, Mahayograj guggulu.

4) Herbomineral Preparations – Agnitundi vati,Malla Sindoor, Vatgajankush Rasa, Vatchintamani Rasa, Yogendra Rasa, Ekangvir Rasa, Shilajeet Bhasma.

5) Kwath (Decoctions) – Rasnasaptak Kwath,Maharasnadi Kwath, Mashbaladi Kwath.

6) Oil Preparations – Bala Taila, Prasarni Taila, Mahanarayan Taila, Rason Taila.

7) Asava/Arishta (Alcoholic Preparations) – Dashmoolarishta, Ashwagandharishta, Balarishta.

7) Asava/Arishta (Alcoholic Preparations) – Dashmoolarishta, Ashwagandharishta, Balarishta.

HOME REMEDIES

1) Regularly massage the body with any Ayurvedic oil or sesame/Olive oil. Massage helps in improving blood circulation and stimulating the nerves. It will also prevent drying of skin. Always massage slowly using finger tips.

2) Take 5 ml of Castor oil with milk at night. Castor oil is very beneficial for alleviating Vata and Kapha dosha. It is a mild laxative and helps in relieving constipation associated with Parkinson’s disease and also helps in rejuvenating nerves and muscles. External application of luke warm castor oil helps in reducing pain and abnormal sensations of body.

3) Avoid vata aggravating lifestyle like eating dry, cold or stale food, skipping meals or variable eating timings, excessive physical exertion, excessive intake of cold beverages, exposure to cold, dry weather, stress etc.

4) Include mild to moderate amount of ghee in your diet as it helps in pacifying Vata. Ghee is the healthiest source of edible fat in nature. According to researches, essential fatty acids are very important for normal brain and nerve functioning.

5) Eat fresh and warm food with light spices; include vata Dosha pacifying herbs in your daily regimen like turmeric, tulsi, ginger, black cardamom and cinnamon.

6) Daily practise mild walk, exercise, yoga and pranayama as it helps in improving the blood circulation of body and relaxing the brain.

Disclaimer

The purpose of Ayurvidya is to promote broad consumer understanding and knowledge of various health topics. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider regarding your medical condition or treatment and before undertaking any new health care regimen.