Hypothyroidism is one of the most common disorder of Endocrine system in which the thyroid gland produces insufficient thyroid hormone.

Thyroid gland is a butterfly shaped endocrine gland located in the neck. It secretes T3 and T4 thyroid hormones.

Inadequate levels of thyroid hormone may due to underactive Thyroid gland (Primary Hypothyroidism) or due to inadequate secretion of Thyroid stimulation hormone from the pituitary gland or inadequate release of thyrotropin releasing hormone from the hypothalamus (Secondary hypothyroidism).

Main Functions of Thyroid Hormone are:-

Thyroid hormone mainly regulates the energy and metabolism of body.

  • It produces heat and energy in the body and oxygen consumption.
  • It increases glucose and protein synthesis and also helps in burning fats.
  • It promotes normal functioning of the nervous system.
  • It helps in secretion of digestive enzymes and also helps in normal movement of the intestines.
  • It promotes normal functioning of heart rate and blood pressure.
  • It helps in development and ossification of bones.

Causes of Hypothyroidism

The most common cause of Hypothyroidism is Iodine deficiency; other causes include Auto immune disorders like Hashimoto Thyroiditis, side effect of certain medicines viz. Phenylbutazone, lithium etc., diseases of Thyroid gland viz. Reidel’s thyroiditis, after surgery of Thyroid gland, pituitary gland tumors, Hypothalamus disorders, Mental disorders like stress, anxiety, depression are also one of the most common causes of Hypothyroidism.

Signs and symptoms

Hypothyroidism if occurs in children less than 2 years old is called as cretinism. The signs and symptoms include - impaired development of bones, constipation, mental retardation, dry and scaly skin, short height, deafness etc.

Clinical features in adults includes:-

Facial puffiness, Weight gain, decreased appetite, intolerance to cold, constipation, low Blood pressure, Hair fall, Feeling of Dryness in skin, weak memory and poor concentration, swelling in the hands and legs, difficulty in breathing, menstrual irregularities in women, loss in libido in males, Infertility, Swelling in the throat (Goitre).


The normal functions of Thyroid hormone can be correlated to functions of Agni in Ayurveda. According to Acharyas, there are 11 types of Agni, of which Jatharagni (Digestive fire) is main. These are responsible for all catabolic and anabolic processes occurring in the body.
Therefore decreased Agni or Pitta in the body can be correlated as Hypothyroidism.

The clinical features mentioned earlier are all related to Agnimandya (low body metabolism).


The main line of treatment includes Vata - Kapha shamak, Agni Deepana and Aam pachana which improves the balance of Agni in the body and removes toxins out of the body.


1. Single herbs - Chitraka (Plumbago zeylanica), Jalkumbhi (Pistia stratiotes), Ajmoda (Carum roxburghianum), Shunthi (Zingiber oficinale), Pippali (Piper longum), Jeerak (Cuminum cyminum), Kachnaar (Bauhinia vareigata), Kandir (Ranunculus scelratus).

2. Powders - Agnisandeepan churna, Lavanbhaskar churna, Dalchini churna, Punarnavadi churna, Dashmool churna, Giloy satva, Trikatu churna.

3. Tablets – Chitrakadi vati, Punarnava guggulu, Kachnaar guggulu, Agnitundi vati, Chandraprabha vati, Arogya vardhini vati , Navak guggulu.

4. Kwath (decoctions) – Dashmool kwaath, punarnavadi kwaath.


1. Take Powder of 1 long pepper (Pippali) daily with milk and increase 1 long Pepper each day till total of 10. On 10th day take it in decreasing manner till back to 1 long pepper. This will take total 21 days. Gradual increasing and decreasing doses of Pippali in this manner is called as Pippali vardhman Rasayan. Intake of this herb helps in improving Agni of the body, which is mainly decreased in Hypothyroidism.

Soak two teaspoons of coriander seeds in two glasses of water at night. Boil and strain and then take this water empty stomach in the morning. This helps in maintaining normal functioning of Thyroid gland.

3. Take fiber rich foods like fruit and vegetables to keep your digestive tract clean. Healthy gut helps in reducing inflammation in the thyroid gland.

4. If suffering from iodine deficient Hypothyroidism then limit the intake of Cabbage, cauliflower, Broccoli, spinach, turnip, mustard greens and radishes. Do not take them in raw form only take them cooked form as these vegetables inhibit the thyroid gland from iodine uptake. Cooking these vegetables removes their goitrogenic effect.

5. Take Vitamin A and Vitamin B rich foods.

6. Seafood and fish oil intake helps in Hypothyroidism as they are rich in Iodine, Vitamin A and Vitamin B complex.

7. Take Daily intake of 7-8 Almonds and 1-2 Walnuts as they are rich in protein, calcium and magnesium which help in absorption of Thyroid hormone.

8. Eat lot of protein rich food like paneer, pulses, eggs, whole grains, etc. because all hormones are made of proteins, also proteins help in transportation of hormones in cells.

9. Drink lot of water to keep yourself hydrated and remove the toxins from the body.

10. Exercise daily and also practice yoga like Sarvangasana, Bhujangasana, Shirsasana and also practice meditation like Bhramri pranayama, Anuloma viloma pranyama to manage emotional stress.


The purpose of Ayurvidya is to promote broad consumer understanding and knowledge of various health topics. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider regarding your medical condition or treatment and before undertaking any new health care regimen.