Over activity of Thyroid gland leads to increase in the production of Thyroid hormone which is called as Hyperthyroidism. It is usually associated with Thyroid enlargement.

Its incidence rate is more common in females than males.

Thyroid gland is a butterfly shaped endocrine gland located in the neck. It secretes T3 and T4 thyroid hormones.
Main Functions of Thyroid Hormone are:-

Thyroid hormone mainly regulates the energy and metabolism of body.

  • It produces heat and energy in the body and oxygen consumption.
  • It increases glucose and protein synthesis and also helps in burning fats.
  • It promotes normal functioning of the nervous system.
  • It helps in secretion of digestive enzymes and also helps in normal movement of the intestines.
  • It promotes normal functioning of heart rate and blood pressure.
  • It helps in development and ossification of bones.


Main causes include Auto immune disorders like Graves disease, excessive intake of thyroid hormones, inflammation of thyroid gland, cancer of thyroid gland, Tumor of Pituitary gland (Pituitary adenoma).


Increased appetite but weight loss due to increased BMR, diarrhoea, nervousness, tremors, increased sweating, loss of libido, menstrual abnormalities, difficulty in swallowing, heat intolerance, Enlargement of thyroid gland leading to swelling in the neck (Goitre), protruded eyeballs giving a staring look, blurring of vision.


The normal functions of Thyroid hormone can be correlated to functions of Agni in Ayurveda. According to Acharyas, there are 11 types of Agni, of which Jatharagni (Digestive fire) is main. These are responsible for all catabolic and anabolic processes occurring in the body.
The overactivity of thyroid gland can be related to increased activity of Pitta and Vata Dosha.

If Agni is affected by Aggravated Pitta then it leads to Tikshagni (increased digestive fire) because Pitta Dosha and Agni share the same properties. Aggravated vata dosha leads to nervousness, tremors, menstrual irregularities, weight loss, in spite of good appetite and weak & brittle bones. Aggravated pitta dosha and Agni leads to high basal metabolic rate of body, heat intolerance, excessive sweating, blurriness of vision.


The main line of treatment includes Vata - Pitta shamak treatment, along with Medhya drugs. Panchkarma procedures like Virechana (Therapeutic purgation) and Raktamokshana are also beneficial in this condition.


1. Single herbs – Shankhpushpi (convolvulus pluricaulis), Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus), Ashwagandha (withania somnifera), Amalki (Emblica officinalis), Bala (Sida cordifolia), Giloy (Tinospora cordifolia), Tagara (Valeriana wallichii).

2. Powders – Shatavaryadi churna, Ashwagandhadi churna, Balamoola churna, Giloy satva.

3. Tablets - Ashwagandha tablet, Brahmi vati, Dhatri lauha.

4. Asava (Alcoholic preparations) – Kumaryasava, Dashmool kwath.


1. Take half teaspoon of flaxseeds empty stomach daily. Flaxseeds are rich in omega-3 fatty acid which helps in balancing the thyroid hormones. Also include walnuts and almonds in your diet.

2. Increase the portion of eggs, fish, pulses and probiotics in your diet.

3. Take 10-15 ml of Amla juice (Indian gooseberry) daily as it helps in reducing the inflammation of Thyroid gland and improves the immunity of the body.

4. Drink lot of water to keep yourself hydrated and remove the toxins from the body.

5. Include more and more raw vegetables in your diet like spinach ,radish, kale, cabbage, broccoli, mustard greens and turnips. you can also make a juice of these vegetables and take it in empty stomach.

6. Exercise daily and also practice yoga like Sarvangasana, Bhujangasana, Shirsasana and also practice meditation like Bhramri pranayama, Anuloma viloma pranyama.

7. Keep a positive mindset and avoid negativity around you which will help to manage stress and anxiety.


The purpose of Ayurvidya is to promote broad consumer understanding and knowledge of various health topics. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider regarding your medical condition or treatment and before undertaking any new health care regimen.